Hormone Replacement Therapy-The Types
HRT (Hormone replacement therapy, also referred to as hormone therapy, estrogen replacement therapy, or menopausal hormone therapy, is a treatment that uses the female hormones progesterone and estrogen to treat the symptoms of aging and menopause. Doctors prescribe the treatment during or after menopause.
After the end o your periods, the level of hormones in your body falls causing uncomfortable symptoms like hot flashes, vaginal dryness and conditions like osteoporosis. The hormone replacement therapy helps in replacing the hormones that your body can no longer produce. It is the most effective treatment for menopause symptoms.
Why the Body Needs Estrogen
Often, when one thinks about pregnancy, they tend to think about estrogen. In women who are in the age of childbearing, estrogen helps the uterus to get ready to receive the fertilized egg. Estrogen also has other roles, like controlling how your body uses calcium, which strengthens bones and raises the level of good cholesterol in the blood.
When Should You Take Progesterone
If you still have your uterus, using estrogen alone without progesterone raises your risk for cancer of endometrium, the uterus lining . Since the cells from the uterus lining are not leaving your body during the menstruation any more, they may build up in your uterus and lead to cancer. To lower that risk; progesterone thickens the uterus lining.
Types of HRT
Estrogen Therapy: Doctors suggest a low dose of estrogen for women who have undergone hysterectomy. Estrogen is presented in different forms, but the most popular ones are the pill and the patch, but there is still the vaginal ring, spray or gel.
The Progestin Hormone Therapy
Also referred to like the combination therapy since it combines doses of estrogen and the synthetic form of progesterone, progestin. It is meant for women who still have their uterus.
The ideal candidates for HRT are those experiencing mild to severe menopausal symptoms and those with a family history of osteoporosis.On the other hand, women that have breast cancer, heart disease, liver disease, or a history of blood clots as well as those without the menopausal symptoms should not go to the hormone replacement therapy.
Hormone Replacement Therapy Regimes
Different treatment regimes of hormone replacement therapy are available depending on whether you are in the early stages of menopause or you have had the menopausal symptoms for some time. The common regimes are the Cyclical or Sequential and the Continuous HRT.
The sequential HRT is for women using the combined HRT who have the menopausal symptoms but are still having their periods. Cyclical HRT is of two types; the Monthly HRT for women with regular periods and the three-monthly HRT for irregular periods.
The continuous combined HRT is meant for women who are post-menopausal. It is the continued use of estrogen and progesterone every day without a break.